Located at the southernmost part of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous
Region crossing the three counties of Guyuan, Longde and Jingyuan,
Liupan Mountain runs from south to north for over 200km. Liupan
Mountain has always been a place contested by all strategists
and during the world-famous Long March, the Chinese Workers'
and Peasants' Red Army led by Mao Zedong climbed successfully
on this last high mountain in October 1935 with poem titled
"Qingpingyue - Liupan Mountain" written down. Since
then, the Liupan Mountain has become one of famous mountains
in the modern revolution history of China. The poem was published
on Huaihai Nespaper in 1942, Liberation Daily in 1949 and
Poem Collection in 1957.
In 1959, the poem "Qingpingyue - Liupan Mountain"
was rewriten by Chairman Mao, then carved on marble and hang
on Ningxia Hall of Beijing People's Grant Hall. The whole
The sky is high, the clouds are pale,
We watch the wild geese vanish southward.
If we fail to reach the Great Wall we are not men,
We who have already measured twenty thousand li.
High on the crest of Mount Liupan
Red banners wave freely in the west wind.
Today we hold the long cord in our hands,
When shall we bind fast the Grey Dragon?
Since then, many copies of Chairman Mao's version of "Qingpingyue
- Liupan Mountain" were hang in office and halls of government.
The Liupan Spirit got famous in the whole world.