Architecture

 

Architecture and Sculpture

¡¾Imperial Divine Temple¡¿

When Emperor Qingshihuang had the Imperial Divine Temple built in Binggou, the worship of heaven and earth began to be conducted here. Worship of Heaven and Earth by emperors, generals, and soldiers has a long history in China. Historic records date this sacrificial ceremony, a combination of natural religion and aristocratic political philosophy, to Xia Dynasty 2,000 years ago. Heaven-Earth worship occupied a conspicuous place in the political life of ancient China. Nowadays, there are two sacrificial ceremonies in Binggou every year. In winter, it¡¯s the worship of ancestors, while in summer the worship of crop god.

¡¾The divine subway¡¿

In front of Binggou Tourist Zone, there was a huge city gate, which is called ¡°Hunhuaizhang¡± by the guide. As Binggou used to be a site where ¡°Hunhuaizhang¡± military base situated, built by Mengtian, a General of Qin Dynasty, 214 B.C, while he commanded his army northwards to fight Xiongnu (one of the nomadic minorities to the north of ancient China). Passing through ¡°Hunhuaizhang¡±, there was a 10-meter high altar, which was rebuilt according to historical image. Walking on, there was a 3-meter wide and 100-meter long subway to the group of ancient tombs, called divine subway. On the left and right side of the subway, there were some animals¡¯ statue and six tomb figures, which were symbols to suppress evils. The lion is the symbol of suppressing evil; the
tiger stands for guarding the state and the unicorn symbolizes good fortune as one wishes. At the end of subway, we saw four big tombs,in which hundreds of soldiers and officials who stayed there to safeguard the motherland frontier of ancient China during late Qin and West Han Dynasty were buried.

¡¾The divine animal figure¡¿

On the left and right side of the subway to the group of

ancient tombs, there are three animal figures followed as

lion, tiger and unicorn. The lion is the symbol of suppressing

evil; the tiger stands for guarding the state and the unicorn

symbolizes good fortune as one wishes. These animal

figures represent soldier¡¯s expectation of peaceful life.

¡¾The statue of Wangwei¡¿

In 737AD, the army of Tang Dynasty defeated Tubo and Wangwei was commended as the representative of the emperor to condole with soldiers at Binggou. After seeing the splendid scenery of Ningxia, he wrote famous poem ¡°I arrive at frontier fortress as a messenger¡±

B
y receiving an order, I leave the palace of the Emperor.

I
am to visit the border alone.

A
travelling mugwort go out of the frontier fortress.

R
eturning wild geese enter foreign sky.


I
n the vast desert, a solitary smoke rises vertically.

O
n the long river, the setting sun is round.

I come upon a scouting cavalry at Xiao barrier.

H
e says that the leader is in Yanran, the major fortress of the Huns.

 

 

Copyright@ Summer Team, Taole No.1 Middle School, Ningxia,PRC