In Oct, 1996, Jiangtaibao celebrated 70th anniversary of Long March and built the Red Army's Long March Monument under the authorization of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and the Political Bureau of the 16th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC). In Sep 1, Jiang Zemin-the contemporary general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Chairman of the People's Republic of China and chairman of the state Central Military Commission, entitled the monument “中国工农红军长征将台堡会师纪念碑”. The monument is consisted of base, main body and top. It’s 22.8m high. The obverse side is the title, while the back is epigraph written by Xiji County government. On the top, there are three head portraits of Red Army, representing the successful junction of the three front armies, and at the base, there are eight pieces of relief sculptures. There are steps on its east. The memorial square is 5000km2.

The epigraph was writen like that: The Long March was a famous military manoeuvre conducted by the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army led by the Communist Party of China (CPC) from 1934 to 1936 to combat the then Kuomintang regime. Though many soldiers died on the way, the Red Army finally arrived at Yan'an in northern Shaanxi Province after the 12,500-kilometre trek, where the new CPC headquarters was established.
On October 16th, 1934, the Long March began. 86,000 men and woman began the trip that would last over a year until October 19, 1935 in Yan'an , Sha'anxi Province. Some of the prominent Chinese leaders that began the Long March were Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Deng Xiaoping, Zhu De, Peng Dehuai, leading the Third Army Group, Lin Biao, leading the First Army Group, Nie Rongzhen, political commissar of the First Front Army, Liu Bocheng, Ye Jianying, (the preceding from Zhu to Ye would later be declared Marshals in 1955), and Li Xiannian, who would become the President of the People's Republic of China. He Long, (also to be named a Marshal) had been sent ahead leading the Second Army Group and to-be-Marshal Chen Yi was left behind with the wounded and sick.

In October,1936, the cavalry regiment of the 15th Army Corps of the First Front Army, originally stationed in Tongxin City of Ningxia, had taken the enemy by surprise and captured Huining City in southeast Gansu after two nights quick march covering 150km. They wiped out the enemy troops guarding the city and gloriously prepared the way for the junction with the Fourth Front Army.

October 9, the Fourth Front Army led by Commander-in-Chief Zhu De joined forces with troops of the First Front Army led by the Commander of the First Division, Chen Geng. Zhu De was accompanied by Zhang Guotao, Xu Xiangqian and Chen Changhao. Riding on horseback, Zhu De passed through the gateway all decked out by the First Front Army soldiers to welcome the Fourth Front Army, and as he entered Huining City, he was welcomed by the commanders and fighters of the First Front Army lining the streets, shouting slogans, cheering and applauding.As soon as the commanding officers entered the building, the soldiers of the two armies rushed towards each other, warmly shaking hands and embracing.

October 22, the Second Division of the First Army Corps of the First Front Army under Commander Yang Dezhi and Commissar Xiao Hua, successfully captured Jiangtaibao town in Longde county of Ningxia, about 80km east of Huining, ready to welcome the Second Front Army led by He Long, its general commanding officer and Ren Bishi, political commissar. This marked the triumphant union of the Red Army's three front armies, bringing the total number of troops of the Red Army to between 30,000 and 40,000.

The grand joining of forces by the three front armies signaled the victorious conclusion of the 25,000 li (12,500km) Long March. It meant a tremendous boost to the Red Army forces. It meant the Red Army had advanced to the forefront of the resistance against Japanese aggression, of the struggle to national salvation.
It meant the Chinese Communist Party now had a stronger basis for getting the Kuomintang nationalist government to change its policy of continuing the civil war and non-resistance to Japanese aggression. the Long March, describing it a rarely-seen expedition in the history of human warfare and referred to the long time it took, the perilous route it traversed and the great disparity of force between the Red Army and enemy troops. The victory of the Long March reflects the outstanding capabilities of the Chinese Communists in leading the revolutionary war, the undaunted spirit of the Red Army officers and soldiers who bravely sacrificed their lives for national independence and people's emancipation the Long March was a crucial turning point for the Chinese Revolution which ushered in a new dawn and opened up a bright future for the Party to unite and lead the people to defeat Japanese aggressors; and strive for building a new country.

Walking on the square, you can see red “1936”on the ground. It was in 1936, the grand joining of forces by the three front armies signaled the victorious conclusion of the 25,000 li(12,500km) Long March.

The monument is standing in the most remarkable place on the square, which forms bright scenery.
We all made a low bow to the Red Army soldiers. Then, we came to Jiangtaibao
Red Army's museum, where used to be Jiangtaibao Town Government. The staff-Miss Ma explained each exhibit seriously.
This is medicine box used by Red Army in Long March. This is the spoon used to make potato noodles.
This is fruit knife. This is wooden-made lunch box.
This is thread box. This is saber used to kill enemies.
The Red Army's shoes were made of grasses on a special machine. We don't figure out how they made it at that time. The table at the back is the one Hui people used to invite Chairman Mao for dinner.
On Oct 22, 1996, Chairman Mao's grandson-Mao Xin-yu participated in 60th anniversary of Long March. Local peopel never forget where their happiness comes from.
At last, we called at Mrs. Chen Yu-lou's home, where she told us the story about his father and the Red Army. This is the picture of her grandson, granddaughter-in-law, grand grandson and her.



Red Liupan team, Zhangyi Middle School, Ningxia, China.2007